By 2045 at the latest, the goal is for Sweden to not contribute to any net emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Afterward, the goal is to achieve negative emissions. Separation and storage of carbon dioxide of biogenic origin, so-called bio-CCS, will probably be required to achieve the national climate goals. District heating companies have the opportunity to contribute to negative emissions, as almost half of the biogenic carbon dioxide emissions in Sweden come from electricity and district heating production.
The project developed a roadmap that showed how the district heating sector can contribute to Sweden achieving net-zero emissions of greenhouse gases by 2045. The roadmap was intended to provide concrete guidance for how district heating companies can implement bio-CCS and show how bio-CCS from 2030 can run on good financial conditions.
The roadmap also showed how district heating and other sectors can work together to reduce costs and investment risks around infrastructure for transport and storage of carbon dioxide.